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国资委:国企证券化能解决监督不力等发展痼疾

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2018年12月17日 17:38:44
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手机网投平台可靠吗信誉平台官方,招龙虎和代理注册实力诚招代理Q扣99277339时时彩龙虎和,意彩彩票代理,意彩官网,意彩平台注册,意彩乐官网,意彩娱乐官方网站国资委:国企证券化能解决监督不力等发展痼疾

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(  混)(改)(,如)(何)(激)(发)(国)(有)(资)(本)(活)(力)(  资)(本)(证)(券)(化)(、并)(购)(、双)(向)(进)(入)(  国)(务)(院)(国)(资)(委)(研)(究)(中)(心)(主)(任)(助)(理)(王)(志)(钢)(  国)(有)(企)(业)(改)(革)(是)(我)(国)(经)(济)(体)(制)(改)(革)(的)(重)(要)(环)(节)(。国)(有)(企)(业)(作)(为)(政)(府)(宏)(观)(调)(控)(的)(工)(具)(和)(手)(段)(,改)(革)(开)(放)(以)(来)(,经)(历)(了)(放)(权)(让)(利)(、抓)(大)(放)(小)(等)(一)(系)(列)(改)(革)(举)(措)(之)(后)(,2003年)(开)(始)(在)(国)(有)(资)(产)(管)(理)(体)(制)(上)(实)(现)(了)(出)(资)(人)(管)(理)(,市)(场)(化)(改)(革)(、政)(企)(分)(开)(在)(制)(度)(层)(面)(真)(正)(成)(为)(了)(现)(实)(。管)(理)(体)(制)(的)(变)(革)(激)(发)(了)(国)(有)(企)(业)(活)(力)(,做)(大)(、做)(强)(、做)(优)(成)(为)(国)(有)(企)(业)(十)(年)(的)(不)(懈)(追)(求)(,实)(现)(了)(“国)(有)(企)(业)(总)(体)(上)(已)(经)(同)(市)(场)(经)(济)(相)(融)(合)(”。  国)(有)(企)(业)(快)(速)(发)(展)(的)(同)(时)(,一)(些)(质)(疑)(成)(为)(必)(须)(直)(面)(的)(社)(会)(关)(切)(。一)(是)(国)(有)(经)(济)(怎)(么)(带)(动)(各)(种)(经)(济)(均)(衡)(发)(展)(;二)(是)(国)(有)(经)(济)(怎)(么)(惠)(利)(于)(民)(;三)(是)(国)(有)(企)(业)(怎)(么)(做)(得)(更)(好)(。党)(的)(十)(八)(届)(三)(中)(全)(会)(决)(议)(通)(过)(的)(《中)(共)(中)(央)(关)(于)(全)(面)(深)(化)(改)(革)(若)(干)(重)(大)(问)(题)(的)(决)(定)(》(下)(称)(“《决)(定)(》”)指)(出)(,必)(须)(在)(新)(的)(历)(史)(起)(点)(上)(紧)(紧)(围)(绕)(使)(市)(场)(在)(资)(源)(配)(置)(中)(起)(决)(定)(性)(作)(用)(深)(化)(经)(济)(体)(制)(改)(革)(,允)(许)(更)(多)(国)(有)(经)(济)(和)(其)(他)(所)(有)(制)(经)(济)(发)(展)(成)(为)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(经)(济)(,“混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(经)(济)(,是)(基)(本)(经)(济)(制)(度)(的)(重)(要)(实)(现)(形)(式)(”。积)(极)(发)(展)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(经)(济)(是)(破)(解)(上)(述)(关)(切)(的)(正)(道)(。  上)(市)(,惠)(利)(于)(民)(的)(重)(要)(举)(措)(  国)(有)(经)(济)(证)(券)(化)(,不)(仅)(能)(够)(解)(决)(发)(展)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(问)(题)(,还)(能)(够)(解)(决)(长)(期)(制)(约)(国)(有)(经)(济)(健)(康)(发)(展)(的)(痼)(疾)(  推)(动)(国)(有)(企)(业)(深)(化)(改)(革)(,《决)(定)(》要)(求)(积)(极)(发)(展)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(经)(济)(,“国)(有)(资)(本)(、集)(体)(资)(本)(、非)(公)(有)(资)(本)(等)(交)(叉)(持)(股)(、相)(互)(融)(合)(的)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(经)(济)(,是)(基)(本)(经)(济)(制)(度)(的)(重)(要)(实)(现)(形)(式)(,有)(利)(于)(国)(有)(资)(本)(放)(大)(功)(能)(、保)(值)(增)(值)(、提)(高)(竞)(争)(力)(,有)(利)(于)(各)(种)(所)(有)(制)(资)(本)(取)(长)(补)(短)(、相)(互)(促)(进)(、共)(同)(发)(展)(。”积)(极)(发)(展)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(经)(济)(,从)(国)(有)(企)(业)(层)(面)(看)(,通)(过)(产)((股)()权)(多)(元)(化)(,可)(以)(建)(立)(起)(规)(范)(的)(公)(司)(治)(理)(体)(系)(,抑)(制)(投)(资)(冲)(动)(,实)(现)(科)(学)(决)(策)(;优)(化)(资)(源)(配)(置)(,实)(现)(高)(效)(发)(展)(。从)(社)(会)(层)(面)(看)(,有)(利)(于)(带)(动)(社)(会)(资)(本)(共)(同)(发)(展)(,惠)(利)(于)(民)(,让)(社)(会)(真)(真)(切)(切)(地)(看)(到)(和)(分)(享)(到)(国)(有)(经)(济)(改)(革)(发)(展)(的)(成)(果)(。  众)(所)(周)(知)(,由)(于)(特)(定)(的)(历)(史)(环)(境)(因)(素)(,与)(国)(有)(经)(济)(相)(比)(,我)(国)(缺)(少)(较)(有)(实)(力)(的)(民)(营)(经)(济)(成)(分)(,而)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(经)(济)(成)(功)(的)(关)(键)(是)(“门)(当)(户)(对)(”,因)(此)(,证)(券)(化)(成)(为)(国)(有)(大)(企)(业)(发)(展)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(经)(济)(的)(主)(流)(路)(径)(选)(择)(。国)(有)(经)(济)(证)(券)(化)(,不)(仅)(能)(够)(解)(决)(发)(展)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(问)(题)(,还)(能)(够)(解)(决)(长)(期)(制)(约)(国)(有)(经)(济)(健)(康)(发)(展)(的)(痼)(疾)(。比)(如)(国)(有)(企)(业)(常)(年)(依)(赖)(银)(行)(贷)(款)(的)(发)(展)(模)(式)(,改)(变)(为)(充)(分)(利)(用)(资)(本)(市)(场)(资)(源)(,“为)(自)(己)(打)(工)(”。又)(比)(如)(国)(有)(企)(业)(监)(督)(不)(力)(问)(题)(,通)(过)(证)(券)(化)(,不)(仅)(引)(进)(了)(各)(类)(投)(资)(股)(东)(的)(直)(接)(监)(督)(,也)(引)(入)(了)(社)(会)(的)(广)(泛)(监)(督)(,公)(开)(披)(露)(信)(息)(,阳)(光)(下)(经)(营)(,遏)(制)(腐)(败)(行)(为)(等)(。还)(有)(股)(东)(利)(益)(的)(驱)(动)(和)(上)(市)(声)(誉)(的)(便)(利)(,实)(现)(企)(业)(经)(营)(各)(项)(资)(源)(的)(获)(取)(和)(优)(化)(,不)(断)(降)(低)(成)(本)(,不)(断)(提)(高)(企)(业)(竞)(争)(力)(。  当)(然)(,国)(有)(企)(业)(上)(市)(后)(必)(须)(克)(服)(和)(转)(变)(传)(统)(的)(经)(营)(方)(式)(,面)(对)(股)(东)(“用)(脚)(投)(票)(”的)(残)(酷)(现)(实)(,按)(照)(现)(代)(企)(业)(制)(度)(的)(要)(求)(议)(事)(决)(策)(和)(经)(营)(,不)(断)(提)(高)(决)(策)(能)(力)(,不)(断)(提)(高)(管)(理)(水)(平)(,既)(要)(满)(足)(于)(国)(家)(战)(略)(的)(需)(要)(,也)(要)(满)(足)(于)(企)(业)(股)(东)(的)(追)(求)(,做)(大)(做)(强)(做)(优)(,实)(现)(快)(速)(发)(展)(。  并)(购)(,快)(速)(发)(展)(的)(捷)(径)(之)(选)(  就)(目)(前)(我)(国)(遇)(到)(的)(产)(能)(过)(剩)(和)(经)(济)(下)(滑)(问)(题)(,从)(国)(际)(的)(经)(验)(看)(到)(,并)(购)(是)(一)(项)(很)(好)(化)(解)(这)(类)(难)(题)(的)(良)(药)(之)(一)(  并)(购)(即)(兼)(并)(与)(收)(购)(,之)(所)(以)(在)(企)(业)(发)(展)(过)(程)(中)(备)(受)(青)(睐)(,主)(要)(是)(能)(够)(实)(现)(企)(业)(快)(速)(发)(展)(,规)(模)(的)(扩)(大)(、技)(术)(的)(占)(有)(、渠)(道)(的)(控)(制)(,获)(取)(更)(多)(的)(剩)(余)(价)(值)(,使)(企)(业)(的)(市)(场)(竞)(争)(力)(不)(断)(走)(向)(极)(致)(。  研)(究)(国)(际)(大)(公)(司)(,特)(别)(是)(跨)(国)(公)(司)(的)(发)(展)(历)(程)(,并)(购)(是)(快)(速)(发)(展)(的)(捷)(径)(之)(选)(。美)(国)(先)(后)(出)(现)(过)(五)(次)(大)(的)(并)(购)(浪)(潮)(,并)(购)(浪)(潮)(促)(成)(美)(国)(企)(业)(结)(构)(发)(生)(重)(大)(改)(变)(,美)(国)(经)(济)(从)(原)(先)(的)(以)(中)(小)(型)(企)(业)(为)(主)(,转)(化)(为)(大)(企)(业)(、特)(大)(企)(业)(、跨)(国)(公)(司)(成)(为)(支)(撑)(美)(国)(经)(济)(的)(支)(柱)(,美)(国)(的)(竞)(争)(力)(,由)(这)(些)(众)(多)(的)(大)(企)(业)(体)(现)(得)(淋)(漓)(尽)(致)(。  进)(入)(本)(世)(纪)(,我)(国)(国)(有)(企)(业)(的)(快)(速)(发)(展)(,同)(国)(有)(资)(产)(管)(理)(机)(构)(“做)(大)(做)(强)(做)(优)(”的)(引)(导)(不)(无)(关)(系)(,企)(业)(为)(了)(得)(到)(国)(有)(资)(产)(管)(理)(机)(构)(的)(认)(可)(,证)(实)(自)(身)(存)(在)(的)(价)(值)(,实)(施)(了)(一)(轮)(轮)(大)(规)(模)(的)(并)(购)(重)(组)(,方)(才)(有)(如)(今)(令)(人)(刮)(目)(相)(看)(的)(新)(型)(国)(有)(企)(业)(。研)(究)(看)(到)(,经)(过)(十)(余)(年)(的)(历)(练)(,国)(有)(企)(业)(普)(遍)(具)(有)(并)(购)(的)(冲)(动)(,无)(奈)(资)(源)(限)(制)(,丧)(失)(掉)(一)(些)(好)(的)(并)(购)(机)(会)(。上)(市)(使)(国)(有)(企)(业)(增)(加)(了)(资)(源)(获)(取)(的)(能)(力)(和)(可)(能)(,在)(并)(购)(方)(面)(必)(然)(会)(比)(未)(上)(市)(公)(司)(更)(加)(活)(跃)(。此)(外)(,证)(券)(化)(后)(企)(业)(的)(其)(他)(股)(东)(,更)(乐)(于)(看)(到)(并)(购)(的)(股)(权)(溢)(价)(效)(应)(,进)(一)(步)(推)(动)(了)(上)(市)(公)(司)(的)(并)(购)(热)(潮)(。  积)(极)(进)(行)(产)(业)(结)(构)(调)(整)(,实)(现)(产)(业)(升)(级)(,就)(目)(前)(我)(国)(遇)(到)(的)(产)(能)(过)(剩)(和)(经)(济)(下)(滑)(问)(题)(,从)(国)(际)(的)(经)(验)(看)(到)(,并)(购)(是)(很)(好)(化)(解)(这)(类)(难)(题)(的)(良)(药)(之)(一)(,因)(此)(,无)(论)(从)(国)(家)(部)(委)(的)(振)(兴)(规)(划)(,还)(是)(规)(范)(市)(场)(的)(通)(知)(或)(条)(例)(,鼓)(励)(和)(促)(进)(企)(业)(并)(购)(重)(组)(,是)(大)(环)(境)(的)(要)(求)(,是)(大)(势)(所)(趋)(。  双)(进)(入)(,殊)(途)(同)(归)(的)(共)(赢)(模)(式)(  照)(法)(无)(禁)(止)(即)(可)(为)(的)(改)(革)(思)(路)(,可)(以)(是)(非)(公)(资)(本)(进)(入)(国)(有)(企)(业)(形)(成)(的)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(企)(业)(,也)(可)(以)(是)(国)(有)(资)(本)(进)(入)(非)(公)(企)(业)(形)(成)(的)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(企)(业)(  证)(券)(化)(是)(国)(有)(企)(业)(积)(极)(发)(展)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(经)(济)(的)(主)(流)(选)(择)(,并)(购)(是)(实)(现)(企)(业)(做)(大)(做)(强)(快)(速)(发)(展)(的)(主)(要)(方)(式)(,证)(券)(化)(必)(然)(会)(对)(加)(速)(并)(购)(起)(到)(促)(进)(作)(用)(。我)(国)(国)(有)(企)(业)(与)(民)(营)(企)(业)(有)(着)(不)(同)(的)(起)(点)(和)(发)(展)(路)(径)(,但)(最)(终)(的)(目)(标)(都)(是)(做)(强)(做)(大)(,做)(强)(做)(大)(的)(捷)(径)(是)(股)(权)(多)(元)(化)(,证)(券)(化)(是)(股)(权)(多)(元)(化)(最)(便)(捷)(的)(方)(式)(,混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(经)(济)(的)(发)(展)(模)(式)(,将)(国)(有)(资)(本)(与)(非)(公)(资)(本)(通)(过)(相)(同)(的)(发)(展)(目)(标)(融)(合)(到)(一)(起)(,殊)(途)(同)(归)(实)(现)(双)(赢)(。  混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(经)(济)(是)(基)(本)(经)(济)(制)(度)(的)(重)(要)(实)(现)(形)(式)(,积)(极)(发)(展)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(经)(济)(,国)(有)(经)(济)(与)(非)(公)(有)(资)(本)(等)(交)(叉)(持)(股)(、相)(互)(融)(合)(,“有)(利)(于)(国)(有)(资)(本)(放)(大)(功)(能)(、保)(值)(增)(值)(、提)(高)(竞)(争)(力)(”,也)(“有)(利)(于)(各)(种)(所)(有)(制)(资)(本)(取)(长)(补)(短)(、相)(互)(促)(进)(、共)(同)(发)(展)(”;既)(“允)(许)(更)(多)(国)(有)(经)(济)(和)(其)(他)(所)(有)(制)(经)(济)(发)(展)(成)(为)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(经)(济)(”,也)(“鼓)(励)(发)(展)(非)(公)(有)(资)(本)(控)(股)(的)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(企)(业)(”。《决)(定)(》并)(未)(给)(要)(形)(成)(的)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(企)(业)(定)(性)(,不)(存)(在)(国)(有)(的)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(企)(业)(和)(非)(公)(的)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(企)(业)(之)(分)(,而)(是)(强)(调)(“交)(叉)(持)(股)(、相)(互)(融)(合)(”和)(“取)(长)(补)(短)(、相)(互)(促)(进)(、共)(同)(发)(展)(”,并)(直)(接)(指)(出)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(企)(业)(可)(以)(是)(非)(公)(资)(本)(控)(股)(。  在)(实)(现)(形)(式)(上)(,《决)(定)(》并)(没)(有)(限)(定)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(企)(业)(形)(成)(的)(具)(体)(形)(式)(,按)(照)(法)(无)(禁)(止)(即)(可)(为)(的)(改)(革)(思)(路)(,混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(企)(业)(应)(该)(包)(括)(多)(种)(形)(式)(,既)(有)(新)(建)(形)(成)(,也)(应)(有)(改)(造)(形)(成)(,改)(造)(既)(有)(对)(国)(有)(企)(业)(的)(改)(造)(形)(成)(,也)(有)(对)(非)(公)(企)(业)(的)(改)(造)(形)(成)(,即)(可)(以)(是)(非)(公)(资)(本)(进)(入)(国)(有)(企)(业)(形)(成)(的)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(企)(业)(,也)(可)(以)(是)(国)(有)(资)(本)(进)(入)(非)(公)(企)(业)(形)(成)(的)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(企)(业)(。混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(不)(应)(拘)(泥)(于)(具)(体)(的)(实)(现)(形)(式)(,而)(是)(看)(是)(否)(通)(过)(“交)(叉)(持)(股)(、相)(互)(融)(合)(”实)(现)(“取)(长)(补)(短)(、相)(互)(促)(进)(、共)(同)(发)(展)(”。显)(然)(,国)(有)(企)(业)(证)(券)(化)(形)(成)(的)(上)(市)(公)(司)(就)(更)(应)(该)(解)(放)(思)(想)(,可)(以)(通)(过)(投)(资)(控)(股)(、投)(资)(参)(股)(和)(股)(权)(改)(造)(等)(多)(种)(形)(式)(积)(极)(推)(进)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(经)(济)(发)(展)(。  并)(购)(是)(为)(了)(实)(现)(“1+12”,发)(展)(混)(合)(所)(有)(制)(企)(业)(是)(为)(了)(实)(现)(“取)(长)(补)(短)(、相)(互)(促)(进)(、共)(同)(发)(展)(”,双)(赢)(、多)(赢)(。国)(有)(企)(业)(有)(国)(有)(企)(业)(的)(优)(势)(,非)(公)(资)(本)(有)(非)(公)(资)(本)(的)(特)(长)(,两)(者)(混)(合)(是)(为)(了)(实)(现)(优)(势)(互)(补)(,获)(得)(竞)(争)(力)(更)(强)(。如)(果)(混)(合)(没)(有)(使)(国)(有)(企)(业)(的)(优)(势)(或)(非)(公)(资)(本)(的)(特)(长)(得)(到)(发)(扬)(和)(放)(大)(,没)(有)(实)(现)(“国)(民)(共)(进)(”,以)(及)(国)(有)(资)(本)(吃)(掉)(非)(公)(资)(本)(,或)(者)(非)(公)(资)(本)(销)(蚀)(国)(有)(资)(本)(,或)(者)(两)(者)(资)(本)(相)(互)(挤)(压)(,都)(是)(改)(革)(的)(失)(败)(,必)(须)(给)(予)(关)(注)(和)(防)(范)(。  此)(外)(,为)(防)(止)(“改)(革)(的)(失)(败)(”,在)(混)(合)(过)(程)(中)(,要)(加)(强)(各)(方)(面)(的)(制)(度)(规)(范)(和)(监)(管)(,防)(止)(腐)(败)(,防)(止)(利)(益)(输)(送)(,防)(止)(国)(有)(资)(产)(流)(失)(,也)(防)(止)(对)(非)(公)(资)(本)(正)(当)(权)(益)(的)(损)(害)(。  相)(关)(组)(文)(阅)(读)(:国)(企)(股)(站)(上)(改)(革)(“风)(口)(”:交)(通)(航)(运)(等)(成)(重)(组)(先)(行)(军)(  中)(国)(经)(济)(周)(刊)(-经)(济)(网)(版)(权)(作)(品)(,转)(载)(时)(须)(注)(明)(来)(源)(,违)(者)(将)(被)(追)(究)(法)(律)(责)(任)(。
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